Chapter 3: Employers Get to Work on Health Care

34  article: “How Employers Are Fixing Health Care,” Harvard Business Review, March, 2019,

34  Health Affairs: “Self-Insured Employers Are Using Price Transparency To Improve Contracting With Health Care Providers: The Indiana Experience,” Health Affairs, October 7, 2019,

35  Rosen Hotels & Resorts:

35  RosenCare:

35  employer insurance premiums: “Average Annual Single Premium per Enrolled Employee for Employer-Based Health Insurance,” Kaiser Family Foundation, 2018,

36  was updated: Paul Starr, The Social Transformation of American Medicine: The Rise of a Sovereign Profession and the Making of a Vast Industry, 2nd ed. (New York: Basic Books, 2017),

37  Haven:

37  Lisa Woods: “The Future of Healthcare with Lisa Woods, US Strategy and Design for Walmart,” Thrive Global, February 18, 2020,

37  her and company CEO Doug McMillon: “World’s 50 Greatest Leaders,” Fortune, 2019,

38  Covera Health:

38  Grand Rounds:

40  wrote in early 2020: “Self-Insured Companies Do No Better on Cost Control,” Axios, January 27, 2020,

42  Crossover Health:

44  annual outlook: “National Business Group on Health Identifies Six Open Enrollment Trends for 2020,” Business Group on Health, September 25, 2019,

44  sixteen Walmart COE providers: “The 16 Health Systems to Which Walmart Sends Employees for Care,” Becker’s Hospital Review, May 21, 2019,

44  Optum:

45  Rally:

46  are booming: “2019: The Year We Learned to Love Instability,” Mercer, January 7, 2020,

46  Anthem’s: “Say Hi to Sydney, Anthem’s Mobile App,” Anthem, November 25, 2019,

46  Aetna’s: “Health is the Real Win,” Aetna,

46  digital health care: “Health on Demand,” U.S. Report, Mercer, February 2020,

49  Motion:

49  Healthcare Bluebook:

49  Health Care Cost Institute: