225 NeedyMeds: https://www.needymeds.org/.
226 insulin availability and pricing crisis: “The Blame Game: Everyone and No One Is Raising Insulin Prices,” Kaiser Health News, April 10, 2019, https://khn.org/news/the-blame-game-everyone-and-no-one-is-raising-insulin-prices/.
229 Ardon Health: http://ardonhealth.com/.
230 Stelara: https://www.stelarainfo.com/.
230 FundFinder: https://fundfinder.panfoundation.org/.
230 pharmaceutical assistance programs: “Find a Pharmaceutical Assistance Program for the drugs you take,” Medicare.gov, U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, https://www.medicare.gov/pharmaceutical-assistance-program/.
230 RxAssist: https://www.rxassist.org/patients.
230 National Financial Resource Directory: https://www.patientadvocate.org/explore-our-resources/national-financial-resource-directory/.
231 Several federal prosecutions: “Fourth Foundation Resolves Allegations That It Conspired with Pharmaceutical Companies to Pay Kickbacks to Medicare Patients,” U.S. Attorney’s Office, District of Massachusetts, https://www.justice.gov/usao-ma/pr/fourth-foundation-resolves-allegations-it-conspired-pharmaceutical-companies-pay.
231 GoodRx: https://www.goodrx.com/.
233 Blink Health: https://www.blinkhealth.com/.
233 FamilyWize: https://familywize.org/.
233 WeRx: https://werx.org/.
233 HealthWarehouse: https://www.healthwarehouse.com/.
234 drug shopping test: “Shop Around for Lower Drug Prices,” Consumer Reports, April 5, 2018, https://www.consumerreports.org/drug-prices/shop-around-for-better-drug-prices/.
235 PharmacyChecker.com: https://www.pharmacychecker.com/.
235 in a story: “Shopping Abroad for Cheaper Medication? Here’s What You Need to Know,” Kaiser Health News, August 22, 2019, https://khn.org/news/shopping-abroad-for-cheaper-medication-heres-what-you-need-to-know/.
235 Valisure: https://www.valisure.com/.
235 cipa.com: http://www.cipa.com/.